Nyevangelism

Swedish Protestant movement

Nyevangelism (lit.'New Evangelism') is a term for a branch of revivalist Protestant Christianity which emerged in Norrland, Sweden, at the beginning of the 19th century. The term, in opposition to Old Pietism (gammalpietism), has been in use since the 1850s.[1][2]

History

Nyevangelism arose within the Lutheran Church of Sweden but was not limited to it: a free church, Baptist-influenced strand also existed.[3][2] Danish scholar Finn Rønne notes different views on the movement's origin: it has been argued that it can be traced back to the teachings of strongly Moravian-influenced priest Anders Carl Rutström [sv], while others posit it is an outgrowth of Carl Olof Rosenius' beliefs.[4] The movement's beliefs can be somewhat difficult to define precisely. It was often congregationalist in governance with low church aspects where personal commitment is important. It was characterized by independent preachers who traveled from place to place, often preaching somewhat emotionally tinged sermons.[3]

The movement's foremost representative was Carl Olof Rosenius, who, in contrast to Enlightenment moralism and the emphasis on subjective conditions for salvation of Pietism and Schartauanism, placed Nyevangelism's emphasis on the work of atonement accomplished through Christ. Here Nyevangelism represented a return to the tenets of Luther; sometimes it was taken further, however, so that not only atonement but also justification was considered to have taken place with the death of Christ. Paul Petter Waldenström's new, more subjective doctrine of the atonement came as a reaction against this preaching of the gospel. Nevertheless, the term new evangelism came to be used also within the Mission Covenant Church of Sweden, founded in 1878 as the Svenska missionsförbundet when Waldenström's followers split off from the movement.[1][5] "Come as you are" was a commonly used phrase in Nyevangelism.[6]

The movement existed throughout Sweden; however, it found less ground where other revivals had made an impact.[2] Others associated with Nyevangelism in Sweden include Thor Odencrants [sv], Lars Vilhelm Henschen, and Adolphe Stackelberg.[7][8] It reached Norway, Denmark, and Finland as well.[3] It came to Norway in 1870, with some aspects adopted by revival movements such as Haugeanism; preachers such as Paul Gerhard Sand and Johannes Jørgensen were associated with the movement.[6][9] Excerpts from Rosenius' and George Scott's periodical Pietisten were circulated in the country.[10] In Denmark, Bornholm became the center of Nyevangelism.[11][4] In Finland, early Baptist founders such as Anna Heikel were also influenced by it.[12]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Carlquist, Gunnar, ed. (1937). Svensk uppslagsbok (in Swedish). Vol. 20. Malmö: Svensk Uppslagsbok AB. p. 372.
  2. ^ a b c Askmark, Ragnar (1955). Nordisk teologisk uppslagsbok för kyrka och skola (in Swedish). Gleerup. pp. 1225–1226. Archived from the original on 2022-05-15. Retrieved 2022-04-29.
  3. ^ a b c Ousland, Godvin (1978). Vekkelsesretninger i norsk kirkeliv 1840-75: hva de lærte og siktet på (in Norwegian). Tangen-trykk. Oslo: Luther. ISBN 9788253141213. OCLC 5440793. Archived from the original on 2022-05-15. Retrieved 2022-04-29.
  4. ^ a b Rønne, Finn Aa. (2019-08-12). "Nyevangelismen set med danske øjne". Dansk Teologisk Tidsskrift (in Danish). 81 (4): 300–319. doi:10.7146/dtt.v81i4.115361. ISSN 0105-3191. S2CID 241071396. Archived from the original on 2020-07-09. Retrieved 2022-04-29.
  5. ^ Jarlert, Anders (2017). Piety and modernity. Dynamics of religious reform in church, state and society in Northern Europe, 1780-1920. Leuven University Press. pp. 295–296. ISBN 978-94-6166-093-0. OCLC 1019908383. Archived from the original on 2022-04-29. Retrieved 2022-04-29.
  6. ^ a b "nyevangelisme", Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian Bokmål), 2018-11-22, archived from the original on 2022-04-29, retrieved 2022-04-29
  7. ^ Gladh, Henrik. "Lars Vilhelm Henschen". Svenskt Biografiskt Lexikon (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 20 January 2022. Retrieved 2022-04-13.
  8. ^ "Stackelberg, släkt". Svenskt Biografiskt Lexikon (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 2021-11-23. Retrieved 2022-04-27.
  9. ^ Kristiansen, Gunnar E. "Avholdsmannen Johannes Jørgensen". historier.no (in Norwegian Bokmål). Archived from the original on 2022-05-15. Retrieved 2022-04-29.
  10. ^ Kjebekk, Erik (2020-06-01). "Nyevangelismen i Norge med vekt på de rosenianske lekpredikantene Jakob Traasdahl og Paul Gerhard Sand". Carl Olof Rosenius-sällskapet (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2021-04-11. Retrieved 2022-04-29.
  11. ^ Nielsen, F. "Bornholmers". Christian Classics Ethereal Library. Calvin College. Archived from the original on 2022-05-15. Retrieved 2022-04-28.
  12. ^ "Susanna kom Anna in på livet". Missionstandaret (in Swedish). 4 (111). 2003. Archived from the original on 2007-10-28.